Prepare for winter storms

Winter storms are common in Canada and can include major snowfall, blizzards, blowing snow, freezing rain, ice storms, wind chill, and extreme cold temperatures. Special weather statements, weather advisories, weather watches, weather warnings, and /or blizzard warnings are issued for different types of winter weather events. Paying attention to weather alerts is one of many important steps you can take to keep you and your household safe during winter storms. 

Why prepare for winter storms

Winter storms are a reality for people living in Canada. During severe winter weather, transportation routes and critical infrastructure may be impacted. Winter storms also create many personal health risks, including:

  • Cold weather injuries such as frostbite or hypothermia
  • Personal injuries from slipping, falling, or vehicle accidents
  • Heart conditions from overexertion, such as from shoveling snow

Power outages often occur during winter storms and create additional risks, including:  

  • Carbon monoxide poisoning from fuel burning equipment such as camping stoves, gas powered vehicles, and generators
  • Exposure to extreme cold conditions and the negative health effects
  • Learn more about how to prepare for power outages

What to do

Before a winter storm

Prepared your home and your household for a winter storm.

During a winter storm

Stay calm. Know what to do.

After a winter storm

Assess the situation. Remember that dangerous situations may exist.

Where to start

You can protect members of your household and your residence by learning more about winter storms and by taking proper precautions. Make sure that your household is prepared.


Criteria for public weather alerts

Environment Canada issues alert bulletins for different weather hazards.

Weather tools: interesting facts

Learn about weather facts in Canada.

Cold season weather hazards

Learn about different types of winter weather.

Date modified: